Bedel Barometer

Back in 2009, we identified key areas that have historically been strong indicators of the strength in the U.S. economy. The idea was to use these indicators to determine whether the economy was going to rebound or remain in crisis mode in the year ahead.

In the short run, the Bedel Barometer should be used as a measure of the overall health of the U.S. economy—not as a sign of the health of the stock market. In the long run, the health of the U.S. economy should have a significant impact on the performance of the stock market.

Here is how each indicator currently stacks up and its importance: 


Last updated June 2021
















Current Score


What's this?

The Bedel Barometer was developed in 2009 to provide a measure of the overall health of the U.S. economy. To do this, we identified 7 key areas that have historically been strong indicators as to the strength of our economy. Using a score of either positive, negative or neutral, we assign a value to each of these and are able to combine the results and reflect the overall measure that you see today.

How each indicator stacks up today

The Bedel Barometer offers a comprehensive measure of the overall health of the U.S. economy.

Rating: Positive

Stock Market Performance

Why we watch it:

The stock market tends to be forward looking and it is a leading indicator of economic growth.

Recent Highlights:

Domestic and international equities posted slightly positive returns to in May. The S&P 500 was up 0.7% in May, while domestic mid and small cap equities returned 0.8% and 0.2%, respectively. The S&P 500 is up 10.7% over the last three months and up 40.3% over the last twelve months.

The MSCI ACWI ex-US was up 3.1% in May. The index is up 7.5% over the last three months and up 42.8% over the last twelve months.

Continued optimism for a global economic recovery helped post positive returns. However, inflation concerns weighed some on the markets.

Positive Since December 2020

Rating: Neutral

Consumer Spending

Why we watch it:

Over 70% of the U.S. economy is based on personal consumption. A reduction in consumer spending will cause slower growth in the economy.

Recent Highlights:

Consumer spending increased 0.5% in April. Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE), which measures consumer spending, was about $15.560* trillion in April 2021. For reference, this is up about 4.6% from PCE in February 2020—before the COVID pandemic. The second estimate of Q1 2021 consumer spending recorded a 11.3% increase, up from the first estimate of a 10.7% increase.

Personal income decreased -13.1% in April. This is compared to a 20.9% revised increase in March. The personal savings rate was 14.9%.

*This is a seasonally adjusted annual rate

Neutral Since April 2021

Rating: Positive

Manufacturing Activity

Why we watch it:

The health of the economy is dependent on the health of the manufacturing sector. Historically, it has been the path to development and an important driver of economic growth. Domestic manufacturing activity is tracked by the Institute of Supply Management (ISM), which releases a monthly index while global activity is tracked by J.P.Morgan and IHS Market in association with ISM and IFPSM. The index monitors data like employment, production inventories, new orders and supplier deliveries. It is based on surveys of more than 300 manufacturing firms, and it’s considered an important economic measure. The index value ranges between 0 and 100. A value below 50 may indicate a slowdown in the economy, especially if the trend persists over several months. A value above 50 likely indicates a time of economic growth. Similarly, Global Manufacturing PMI is produced by IHS Markit in association with ISM and IFPSM. It is compiled by IHS Markit from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in survey panels in over 40 countries, totaling around 13,500 companies. It has the same value ranges as the ISM manufacturing report.

Recent Highlights:

ISM manufacturing reported 61.2 in May, up slightly from April’s 60.7 reading. New orders reported 67.0 in May, up from April’s 64.3 reading.

Global PMI posted a reading of 56.0 in May, its best reading in 11 years. Of the 30 nations for which May data was available, 24 registered growth. The outlook remains positive with manufacturers forecasting further increases in output over the next year.

Positive Since October 2020

Rating: Negative

Consumer Price Stability

Why we watch it:

Mild inflation is good for the economy, because it promotes consumption without destroying the value of people's savings. If you know something will be going up slightly in price down the road, you'll be more likely to purchase it now. If this effect is mild, it doesn't hurt savings rates very much. Deflation, however, punishes an economy because it hurts consumption. If you know something will be cheaper tomorrow or next year, you're more likely to wait until tomorrow to buy it. The Fed’s inflation target is 2 %.

Recent Highlights:

Headline CPI increased 0.8% in April. Over the last 12 months, CPI rose 4.2%. Core CPI, which excludes food and energy, increased 0.9% in April. Over the last 12 months, core CPI rose 3.0%.

Negative Since: June 2021

Rating: Positive

Housing Market

Why we watch it:

The economy typically benefits directly and indirectly from increased housing activity. It is estimated that for every $100 in value resulting from housing construction, an extra $40-$80 is added to the economy due to housing-related spending.

Recent Highlights:

Total existing home sales decreased -2.7% in April to a seasonally adjusted annualized rate of 5.85 million units. This marks three consecutive months of declines. However, sales in total rose 33.9% from a year ago.

The median existing-home price in April was $341,600, up 19.1% from April 2020. Unsold inventory is at about a 2.4-month supply. A three to six-month supply is considered a healthy balance between supply and demand.

New home sales decreased -5.9% in April to 863,000 annualized rate. The median sale price of new houses sold in April was $372,400. Unsold inventory is at about 4.4-month supply. Note that the new home sales report is typically very volatile and the data is frequently revised.

Positive Since September 2020

Rating: Positive


Why we watch it:

VIX is the symbol for the Chicago Board Options Exchange's volatility index. It’s a weighted mix of the prices for a blend of S&P 500 Index options, from which implied volatility is derived. In other words, it measures how much people are willing to pay to buy or sell the S&P 500. The VIX goes up when there’s turmoil in the market, and goes down when investors are content or at ease with the economic outlook.

We like to watch the VIX, because it measures the cost of buying insurance for stock protection (through options). When the cost of protection is high, volatility is usually high, and the potential for declining stock values is higher.

Recent Highlights:

The VIX closed at 16.8 to end the month of May—below the historical average of around 19.2. The VIX remained relatively steady during the month of May, with only a brief spike in the middle of the month.

Positive Since June 2021

Rating: Positive

TED Spread

Why we watch it:

The TED Spread is the banks’ cost of borrowing short-term money minus the Treasury’s cost of borrowing short-term money. The difference between the three-month LIBOR interest rate and the three-month Treasury Bill interest rate measures the degree of riskiness of the bank lending market.  When the spread is significant, banks worry about being repaid when loaning money to other banks, thereby creating uncertainty. This can cause slower growth in the economy.

Recent Highlights:

The current spread at the end of May was 0.12% (3-Month LIBOR 0.13% – 3-Month Treasury Bill 0.01%). There was a small decrease from April’s spread of 0.16%. The current TED spread of 0.12% is below the historical average spread of about 0.57%.

Positive Since June 2020

Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. As of June 18, 2021 the current score for the Bedel Barometer is +4. Economic metrics are continuing to improve with the slow reopening of the economy.

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